Richard I the Lion Heart
Reign 1189-99 CE

Monetary System
Silver Pennies and Gold Thrymsas
40 Pence = 1 Thrymsa

Richard I Coeur de Lion was born to Henry II Curtmantle and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Duchess of Aquitaine in 1157 CE at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England. Richard I spent much of his youth in his mother's court at Poitiers. Richard cared much more for the continental possessions of his mother than for England

Richard I Coeur de Lion, King of England. became Duke of Aquitaine in 1168 and of Poitiers in 1172. He joined the 3rd crusade in 1189 and conquered Messina and Cyprus before arriving in the Holy Land. His victory at Arsuf gained Joppa (1191). Richard's prowess and courage in battle earned him the nickname Coeur De Lion ("heart of the lion") On his way home he was capture in Austria and was only released by Emperor Henry VI after payment of an enormous ransom (1194). Richard spent but six months of his ten-year reign in England.

He was married to Berengaria of Nevarre and had a child named Philip. he also had a child with  Joan de St Pol named Fulk. Richard died  1199 CE from a wound received in a skirmish at the castle of Chalus in the Limousin and interred at Fontevraud Abbey, France.

Silver Sword type Penny of Richard I  1196-99 CE.
Obverse: Profile of Richard I, Lionheart (Coeur-de-Lion).
Reverse: Cross with Legend  STIVENE ON LVND.
Mint: London.
Reference: Seaby-1347.


Country List



RK. October 14, 2001.
Frankfurt, Germany.