4 Farthings = 1 Penny
12 Pence = 1 Shillings
2 Shillings = 1 Florin
5 Shillings = 1 Crown
20 Shillings = 1 Pound
Reign 1272-1307 CE
Edward I (Longshanks) was born on June 17, 1239 to Eleanor Berenger of Provence and Henry III the King of England at Westminster Palace in London, England. He was nicknamed "Longshanks" due to his great height and stature. In the Barons war of 1264-67, he defeated the Barons at Evesham (1265).
He acceded the throne on August 19, 1274 . In the first twenty years Edward reformed the government by dividing the administration into four parts - the Chancery, the Exchequer, the Household, and the Council. He encouraged Parliamentary institutions at the expense of feudal sustem. He consolidated territory by subduing Wales and imposed the English system of administration on Wales.
He married Eleanor of Castile in 1254 at Abbey of Las Huelgas and had sixteen children with her. They were Eleanor, Joan, John, Henry, Julian (alias Katherine), Joan, Alfonso, Margaret, Berengaria, Mary, Alice, Elizabeth, Edward, Beatrice & Blanche. He had illegitimate child named John Botetourt born in 1265.
After Elonor died in 1290, he married Margaret daughter
of Philip III, King of France and had three more children named Thomas,
Edmund & Eleanor.
He died in 1307 at Burgh-on-the-Sands and interred at Westminster Abbey in London, England.
Silver penny of Edward I 1272-1307 CE.
Obverse: Edward I portrait.
Reverse: Long cross with Legend.